• S. Khan, J. Kim, K. Roh, G. Park, W. Kim*, “High power density of radiative-cooled compact thermoelectric generator based on body heat harvesting,” Nano Energy (in press)


  • K. Kim, J. Koo, E. Park, N. Kim, W. Kim*, “Anisotropic thermal conductivity of nickel-based superalloy CM247LC fabricated by selective laser melting,” Applied Sciences 11, 4843 (2021)


  • M. Jeong, J. Noh, M. Z. Islam,  K. Kim, W. Kim, C. Yu*, "Embedding aligned graphene oxides in polyelectrolytes to facilitate thermo-diffusion of protons for high ionic thermoelectric figure-of-merit," Advanced Functional Materials (in press)


  • S. Khan, J. Kim, S. Acharya, W. Kim*, “Review on the operation of wearable sensors through body heat harvesting based on thermoelectric devices,” Applied Physics Letters 118, 200501 (2021)
    • Chosen as an Editor's Pick
    • Selected as Featured
    • Selected as Scilight


  • H. Kim, G. Park, S. Park, W. Kim*, “Strategies for manipulating phonon transport in


  • J. Kim, S. Khan, P. Wu, S. Park, H. Park, C. Yu*, W. Kim*, “Self-charging wearables for continuous health monitoring,” Nano Energy 79 , 105419 (2021)
    • Selected as back cover



  • 김교민, 김우철*, “일방향응고 초내열합금 CM247LC의 방향성에 따른 열물성에 관한 연구,” 대한기계학회논문집 B 44, 619 (2020)


  • S. Wee, J. Do, K. Kim, C. Lee, C. Seok*, G. Choi*, Y Choi*, W. Kim*, “Review on mechanical thermal properties of superalloys and thermal barrier coating used in gas turbines,” Applied Sciences 10, 5476 (2020)

  • 임성환, 이동균, 김흥태, 라영은, 김훈, 박기민, 김우철*, “함정 탑재 레이더의 능동 열제어를 위한 열전 냉각 장치 성능의 수치 해석적 연구,” 대한기계학회논문집 B 44, 415 (2020)


  • A. M. A. Mageeth, S. Park, M. Jeong, W. Kim, C. Yu*, “Planar-type thermally chargeable supercapacitor without a effective heat sink and performance variations with layer thickness and operation conditions,” Applied Energy 268, 114975 (2020)



  • D. Lee, H. Park, G. Park, J. Kim, H. Kim, H. Cho, S. Han, W. Kim*, “Liquid-metal-electrode-based compact, flexible and high-power thermoelectric device,” Energy 188, 116019 (2019)


  • H. Park, Y. Eom, D. Lee, J. Kim, G. Park, W. Kim*, “High power output based on watch-strap-shaped body heat harvester using bulk thermoelectric materials,” Energy 187, 115935 (2019)


  • H. Park, D. Lee, G. Park, S. Park, S. Khan, J. Kim, W. Kim*, “Energy harvesting using thermoelectricity for IoT (Internet of Things) and E-skin sensors,” Journal of Physics: Energy 1, 042001 (2019)


  • J. Hwang, H. Kim, M. Han, J. Shim, J. Tak, Y. Kim, Y. Jin, J. Kim, H. Park, D. Lee, J. Bahk*, S. Kim*, W. Kim*, “Gigantic phonon scattering cross section to enhance thermoelectric performance in bulk crystals,” ACS Nano 13, 8347 (2019)


  • C. Gayner, H. Kim, J. Kim, W. Kim*, “Space strategy for exceptionally low thermal conductivity and high zT in antimony-doped bulk silicon,” Materials Today Energy 12, 327 (2019)


  • U. G. Hwang,  K. Kim, W. Kim, W. H. Shin, W. Seo, Y. S. Lim*, “Thermoelectric transport properties of interface-controlled p-type bismuth antimony telluride composites by reduced graphene oxide,” Electronic materials Letters 15, 605 (2019)


  • M. J. Kim, G. Lee, W. Kim, K. Kim, J. Tak, W. H. Shin, W. Seo, J. Hong, Y. S. Kim*, “Effects of Cl-doping on thermoelectric transport properties of Cu2Se prepared by spark plasma sintering,” Journal of Electronic Materials 48, 1958 (2019)



  • H. Park, D. Lee, D. Kim, H. Cho, Y. Eom, J. Hwang, H. Kim, S. Han, W. Kim*, “High power output from body heat harvesting based on flexible thermoelectric system with low thermal contact resistance,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 51, 365501 (2018)


  • C. Gayner, K. K. Kamal*, W. Kim, “Recent progress and futuristic development of PbSe thermoelectric materials and devices,” Materials Today Energy 9, 359 (2018)


  •  J. Kim, H. Kim, M. E. Kilic, C. Gayner, R. Koltun, H. Park, A. Soon, J. Bowers, C. Palmstrøm, W. Kim*, “Effect of phonon confinement on the thermal conductivity of In0.53Ga0.47As nanofilms,” Journal of Applied Physics 123, 245103 (2018)


  • D. Wijethunge, W. Kim*, “New evaluation parameter for wearable thermoelectric generators,” Journal of Applied Physics 123, 145110 (2018)


  • H. Wang, T. Wang, J. Hwang, W. Su, H. Kim, J. Zhai, X. Wang, C. Wang*, W. Kim*, “Optimization of peak and average figures of merits for In & Se co-doped SnTe alloys,” Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers 5, 793 (2018)


  • 김교민, 김훈, 김우철*, “홈 형태의 전극을 이용한 열전소자의 기계적인 강도 개선,” 대한기계학회논문집 B 42, 285 (2018)


  • D. Wijethunge, D. Kim, W. Kim*, “Simplified human thermoregulatory model for designing wearable thermoelectric devices,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 51, 055401 (2018)



  • H. Park, D. Kim, Y. Eom, D. Wijethunge, J. Hwang, H. Kim, W. Kim*, “Mat-like flexible thermoelectric system based on rigid inorganic bulk materials,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50, 494006 (2017)


  • J. Hwang, H. Kim, D. Wijethunge, N. Nandihalli, Y. Eom, H. Park, J. Kim, W. Kim*, “More than half reduction in price per watt of thermoelectric device without increasing the thermoelectric figure of merit of materials,” Applied Energy 205, 1459 (2017)


  •  Y. Eom, D. Wijethunge, H. Park, S. H. Park, W. Kim*, “Flexible thermoelectric power generation system based on rigid inorganic bulk materials,” Applied Energy 206, 649 (2017)


  • W. H. Nam, Y. S. Lim*, W. Kim, H. K. Seo, K. S. Dae, S. Lee, J. Y. Lee*, “A gigantically increased ratio of electrical to thermal conductivity and synergistically enhanced thermoelectric properties in interface-controlled TiO2-RGO nanocomposites,” Nanoscale 9, 7830 (2017)


  • H. Wang, J. Hwang, C. Zhang, T. Wang, W. Su, H. Kim, J. Kim, J. Zhai, X. Wang, H. Park, W. Kim*, C. Wang*, “Enhancement of the thermoelectric performances of bulk SnTe alloys via the synergistic effect of band structure modification and chemical bond softening,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A 5, 14165 (2017)


  • D. Ginting, C. Lin, L. Rathnam, J. Hwang, W. Kim, R. A. R. A. Orabi, J. Rhyee*, “Dataset on electronic and thermal transport properties of quaternary compounds of (PbTe)0.95-x(PbSe)x(PbS)0.05,” Data in Brief 13, 233 (2017)


  • J. Kim, D. Seo, H. Park, H. Kim, H. Choi, W. Kim*, “Extension of the T-bridge method for measuring the thermal conductivity of two-dimensional materials,” Review of Scientific Instruments 88, 054902 (2017)


  • D. Ginting, C. Lin, L. Rathnam, H. S. So, H. Lee, J. Hwang, W. Kim, R. A. R. A. Orabi, J. Snyder, J. Rhyee*, “High thermoelectric performance in pseudo quaternary compounds of (PbTe)0.95-x(PbSe)x(PbS)0.05 by simultaneous band convergence and nano precipitation,” Acta Materialia 131, 98 (2017)


  • 김훈, 김교민, 김우철*, “열전소자를 이용한 적외선 방사량 감소 기술에 관한 연구,” 대한기계학회논문집 B 41, 199 (2017)


  • R. Al Rahal Al Orabi, J. Hwang, C. Lin, R. Gautier, B. Fontaine, W. Kim, J. Rhyee, D. Wee, M. Fornari*, “Ultra-low lattice thermal conductivity and enhanced thermoelectric performance in SnTe:Ga materials,” Chemistry of Materials 29, 612 (2017)


  • P. K. Rawat, H. Park, J. Hwang, W. Kim*, “Low thermal conductivity and high thermoelectric performance in In4Se3-x by phase separated indium inclusions,” Journal of Electronic Materials 46, 1444 (2017)



  • K. Kim, B. Jung, N. Kumar, Y. Eom, W Kim*, “Modulation of light absorption by optical space in perovskite solar cells,” Physica Status Solidi – Rapid Research Letters 10, 592 (2016)


  • K. Park, G. Hwang, H. Kim, J. Kim, W. Kim, S. Kim, O. Kwon*, “Measurement of thermal conductivity of Bi2Te3 nanowire using high-vacuum scanning thermal microscopy,” Applied Physics Letters 108, 071907 (2016)


  • R. Al Rahal Al Orabi, N. Mecholsky, J. Hwang, W. Kim, J. Rhyee, D. Wee, M. Fornari*, “Band degeneracy for low thermal conductivity and high temperature thermoelectric figure of merit in SnTe-CaTe alloys,” Chemistry of Materials 28, 376 (2016)



  • W. Kim*, “Strategies for engineering phonon transport in thermoelectrics,” Journal of Materials Chemistry C 3, 10336 (2015)


  • K. Kim, B. Jung, Y. Eom, W. Kim*, “Enhancement of light absorption by using light scattering and emitting dyes in organic photovoltaics,” Physica Status Solidi A 212, 2326 (2015)


  • B. Jung, K. Kim, Y. Eom, W. Kim*, “High-pressure solvent vapor annealing with a benign solvent to rapidly enhance the performance of organic photovoltaics,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7, 13342 (2015)


  • H. Wang, J. Hwang, M. Snedaker, I. Kim, C. Kang, J. Kim, G. Stucky, J. Bowers, W.Kim*, “High thermoelectric performance of a heterogeneous PbTe nanocomposite,” Chemistry of Materials 27, 944 (2015)


  • H. Kim, W. Kim*, “A way of achieving a low $/W and a decent power output from a thermoelectric device,” Applied Energy 139, 205 (2015)



  • 김훈, 강찬영, 황준필, 김우철*, “고효율 열전소재 2% Na-PbTe의 소자화에 관한 연구,” 정보저장시스템학회논문집 10, 32 (2014)


  • B. Jung, K. Kim, W. Kim*, “Microwave-assisted Solvent Vapor Annealing to Rapidly Achieve Enhanced Performance of Organic Photovoltaics,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2, 15175 (2014)


  • H. Wang, J. Bahk, C. Kang, J. Hwang, K. Kim, J.Kim, P. Burke, J.Bowers, A. Gossard, A. Shakouri, W.Kim*, “Right Sizes of Nano- and Microstructures for High Performance and Rigid Bulk Thermoelectrics,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111, 10949 (2014)


  • H. Kim, S. Park, B. Jung, J. Hwang, W. Kim*, “New Device Architecture of a Thermoelectric Energy Conversion for Recovering Low-quality Heat,” Applied Physics A 114, 1201 (2014)


  • C. Kang, H. Wang, H. Kim, S.Kim, W.Kim*, “Effect of Excess Na on the Morphology and Thermoelectric Properties of NaxPb1-xTe0.85Se0.15,” Journal of Electronic Materials 43, 353 (2014)


  • B. Jung, K. Kim, J. Kim, S. Kim, E. Kim, W. Kim*, “Inter-Diffused Ordered Bulk Heterojunction Organic Photovoltaics: Optimized Morphology for Efficient Exciton Dissociation and Charge Transport,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 120, 675 (2014)



  • J. Kim, J. Bahk, J. Hwang, H. Kim, H. Park, W. Kim*, “Thermoelectricity in Semiconductor Nanowires,” Physica Status Solidi - Rapid Research Letters 7, 767 (2013)


  • H. Wang, J. Bahk, C. Kang, J. Hwang, K. Kim, A. Shakouri, W. Kim*, “Large Enhancement in the Thermoelectric Properties of Pb0.98Na0.02Te by Optimizing Synthesis Condition,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1, 11269 (2013)



  • S. Park, S. Kim, K. Kim, H. Joe, B. Jung, E. Kim, W. Kim, B. Min, J. Hwang*, “Fabrication of Ordered Bulk Heterojunction Organic Photovoltacis Cells using Nanopatterning and Electrohydrodynamic Spray Deposition Methods,” Nanoscale 4, 7773 (2012)


  • D. Suh, D. Lee, C. Kang, I. Shon, W. Kim, S. Baik*, “Enhanced Thermoelectric Properties of Tungsten Disulfide-Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Composites,” Journal of Materials Chemistry 22, 21376 (2012)



  • W. Kim*, “Thermal Transport in Individual Thermoelectric Nanowires: A Review,” Materials Research Innovations 15, 375 (2011) Invited Review (2011)


  • Y. Choi, Y. Kim, S. Park, Y. Kim, B. J. Sung, S. Jang*, W. Kim*, “Effect of Carbon Nanotube Type on the Thermoelectric Properties of CNT/Nafion Nanocomposites,” Organic Electronics 12, 2120 (2011)


  •  J. Kim, K. Kim, S. H. Ko, W. Kim*, “Optimum Design of Ordered Bulk Heterojunciton Organic Photovoltaics,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cell 95, 3021 (2011)


  • Y. Park, J. Kim, H. Kim, I. Kim, K. Lee, D. Seo, H. Choi*, W. Kim*, “Thermal conductivity of VLS-grown rough Si nanowires with various surface roughnesses and diameters,” Applied Physics A 104, 7 (2011)


  • H. Kim, Y. Park, I. Kim, J. Kim, H. Choi, W. Kim*, “Effect of surface roughness on thermal conductivity of VLS-grown rough Si1-xGex nanowires,” Applied Physics A 104, 23 (2011)


  • J. W. Roh, K. Hippalgaonkar, J. H. Ham, R. Chen, M. Z. Li, P. Ercius, A. Majumdar, W. Kim*, W. Lee*, “Observation of anisotropy in thermal conductivity of individual single-crystalline bismuth nanowires,” ACS Nano 5, 3954 (2011)


  • S. Park, J. Hwang, K. Kim, B. Jung, W. Kim, J. Hwang*, “Spray deposition of electrohydrodynamically atomized polymer mixture for active layer fabrication in organic photovoltaics,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 95, 352 (2011)


  • J. S. Son, K. Park, M. Han, C. Kang, S. Park, J. Kim, W. Kim, S. Kim. T. Hyeon*, “Large- scale synthesis, and characterization of the size-dependent thermoelectric properties of uniformly sized bismuth nanocrystals,” Angewandte Chemie International Edition 50, 1363 (2011)



  • K. Kim, B. Jung, J. Kim, W. Kim*, “Effects of embedding non-absorbing nanoparticles in organic photovoltaics on power conversion efficiency,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 94, 1835 (2010)


  • H. Kim, I. Kim, H. Choi*, W. Kim*, “Thermal conductivities of Si1-xGex nanowires with different germanium concentrations and diameters,” Applied Physics Letters 96, 233106 (2010)


  • C. Kang, H. Kim, S. Park, W. Kim*, “Comparison of thermal conductivity in nanodot nanocomposites and nanograined nanocomposites,” Applied Physics Letters 96, 213114 (2010)


  • 정재훈, 김우철, 이진호*, 유태우, “소규모 사업 폐열회수용 열전발전시스템의 출력 특성에 관한 실험적 연구,” 대한기계학회논문집 B 34, 383 (2010)


  • J. W. Roh, S. Y. Jang, J. Kang, S. Lee, J. Noh, W. Kim, J. Park*, W. Lee*, “Size dependent thermal conductivity of individual single-crystalline PbTe nanowires,” Applied Physics Letters 96, 103101 (2010)



  • S. Song, B. Kwak, J. Park, W. Kim, H. I. Jung*, "Novel application of Joule heating to maintain biocompatible temperatures in a fully integrated electromagnetic cell sorting system," Sensors and Actuators A 151, 64 (2009)


  • Y. K. Koh*, S. L. Singer, W. Kim, J. M. O. Zide, H. Lu, D. G. Cahill, A. Majumdar, A. C. Gossard, "Comparison of the 3w method and time-domain thermoreflectance for measurements of the cross-plane thermal conductivity of epitaxial semiconductors," Journal of Applied Physics 105, 054303 (2009)



  • W. Kim*, S. L. Singer, A. Majumdar, J. M. O. Zide, D. Klenov, A. C. Gossard, S. Stemmer, "Reducing thermal conductivity of crystallines solids at high temperature using embedded nanostructures," Nano Letters 8, 2097 (2008)


  • G. Zeng*, J. Bahk, J. E. Bowers, L. H. Lu, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, R. Singh, Z. Bian, A. Shakouri, S. L. Singer, W. Kim, A. Majumdar, “Power generator modules of segmented Bi2Te3 and ErAs:(InGaAs)1-x(InAlAs)x” Journal of Electronic Materials 37, 1786 (2008)


  • S. Lee, Y. H. Jang*, W. Kim, “Effects of nanosized contact spots on thermal contact resistance,” Journal of Applied Physics 103, 074308 (2008)



  • G. Zeng*, J. E. Bowers, J. O. M. Zide, A. C. Gossard, Z. Bian, R. Singh, A. Shakouri, W. Kim, S. Singer, A. Majumdar, “ErAs:(InGaAs)1-x(InAlAs)x alloy power generator modules,” Applied Physics Letters 91, 263510 (2007)


  • W. Kim*, S. L. Singer, A. Majumdar, "Tuning thermal transport in crystalline solids using embedded nanoparticles," Journal of Physics: Conference series 92, 012085 (2007)


  • G. Zeng*, J. M. O. Zide, W. Kim, J. E. Bowers, A. C. Gossard, Z. Bian, Y. Zhang, A. Shakouri, S. L. Singer, A. Majumdar, “Cross-plane Seebeck coefficient of ErAs:InGaAs/InGaAlAs superlattice,” Journal of Applied Physics 101, 034502 (2007)


  • W. Kim, R. Wang, A. Majumdar*, “Nanostructuring expands thermal limits,” Nano Today 2, 40 (2007)



  • W. Kim, J. Zide, A. Gossard, D. Klenov, S. Stemmer, A. Shakouri, A. Majumdar*, “Thermal conductivity reduction and thermoelectric figure of merit increase by embedding nanoparticles in crystalline semiconductors,” Physical Review Letters 96, 045901 (2006)


  •  W. Kim, S. Singer, A. Majumdar*, D. Vashanee, Z. Bian, A. Sharkouri, G. Zeng, J. E. Bowers, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, “Cross-plane lattice and electronic thermal conductivities of ErAs:InGaAs/InGaAlAs superlattices,” Applied Physics Letters 88, 242107 (2006)


  • G. Zeng*, J. E. Bowers, J. O. M. Zide, A. C. Gossard, W. Kim, S. Singer, A. Majumdar, R. Singh, Z. Bian, Y. Zhang, A. Shakouri, “ErAs:InGaAs/InGaAlAs superlattice thin film power generator array,” Applied Physics Letters 88, 113502 (2006)


  • W. Kim, A. Majumdar*, “Phonon scattering cross section of polydispersed spherical nanoparticles,” Journal of Applied Physics 99, 084306 (2006)



  • A. R. Abramson*, W. C. Kim, S T. Huxtable, H. Yan, Y. Wu, A. Majumdar, C. L. Tien, P. Yang, “Fabrication and characterization of a nanowire/polymer-based nanocomposite for a prototype thermoelectric device,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems 13, 505 (2004)